Clinical Psychology

The mission of a Child and Adolescent Psychologist is to facilitate children’s and adolescents’ optimal development. Child psychologists assess and treat children and adolescents. Their clientele may include children with a variety of developmental issues, from learning disabilities to social emotional developmental delays. A Psychologist can help with proper diagnosis when there are questions around attention deficit disorder, autism, obsessive compulsive disorder, anxiety, dyslexia, dyscalculia and/or dysgraphia. A part of the job is arriving at the best diagnosis when a complex set of symptoms are presented. More so than other mental health professionals, psychologists are experts in conducting psychological tests.

HOW WE CAN HELP

Our Clinical Psychologist conducts a variety of assessments. Assessments involve comprehensive testing to obtain information regarding an individual on various levels; cognitive, academic, emotional, behavioural, social functioning and  neurodevelopment.

    • Psychoeducational
    • IQ testing
    • Neuropsychological testing
    • Social/emotional/behavioural

Our Clinical Psychologist can help your child work through difficulties with:

    • Attention and concentration.
    • Anxiety
    • Depression
    • Lack of Self Esteem
    • Obsessions/Compulsions

    Our Clinical Psychologist will also Coach Parents through some of the developmental uncertainties. Most of the parental coaching is done through the lens of Positive Psychology.

DOES MY CHILD NEED ASSISTANCE?

There are a number of key signs that indicate your child may benefit from an assessment or therapy.  These include:

  • Difficulty concentrating or following directions
  • Fidgeting or excessive movement
  • Becoming easily overwhelmed in situations
  • Challenging behaviours
  • Gets angry when he comes home from school
  • Stops doing the things he/she used to enjoy
  • Messy, poorly constructed or laboured handwriting
  • Difficulty with reading
  • Difficulty with expressive and receptive language
  • Withdrawing from social situations, difficulty making friends
  • Social awkwarness
  • Reduced confidence, anxiety or avoidance of activities

EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENTS

HOW CAN AN EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENT ASSIST MY CHILD? 

Comprehensive Educational Assessments help parents and educators gain insight to a child’s unique learning profile. They assess areas of mental functioning related to memory, the ability to pay attention to tasks and to solve problems. They assist parents and educators to make informed decisions regarding their child’s educational placement, optimal learning environment and individual learning needs.

An Educational Assessment can Include:

  • A parental interview to gather some history about your child and their development
  • Administration of a standardised cognitive (intelligence) test (WPPSI-III or WISC-IV)
  • Administration of social/emotional and theory of mind tests to get a more complete overview  
  • A detailed assessment report of findings
  • ​Tailored behavioural and educational recommendations for your child
  • A parental feedback session to discuss your child’s assessment and answer any questions you may have.

 CHILD DEVELOPMENTAL ASSESSMENTS

HOW CAN A CHILD DEVELOPMENTAL ASSESSMENT ASSIST MY CHILD? 

A developmental assessment is a comprehensive evaluation of a child’s physical, intellectual, language, social and emotional development. They are usually conducted when a parent, educator or medical health professional identifies that a child is experiencing difficulty in one or more of these areas. A referral for an assessment is not required, however it is often in the best interest of the child to work closely with other health professionals to uncover areas of developmental difficulty and may be required by insurance. An assessment can be used to uncover the nature of the developmental concern and to carefully target interventions to assist your child toward their optimal development.

As each assessment is uniquely tailored for the individual needs of the child we encourage you to give us a call about these assessment services. However, below you can find a rough guide of what can be expected.  ​

A Child Developmental Assessment can Include:

  • ​A parental interview to gather some history about your child and their development
  • Administration of a standardised cognitive (intelligence) test (WPPSI-III or WISC-IV)
  • Administration of social/emotional and theory of mind tests to get a more complete overview  
  • A detailed assessment report of findings
  • ​Tailored behavioural and educational recommendations for your child
  • A parental feedback session to discuss your child’s assessment and answer any questions you may have.

KidsAbility highly recommends all parents meet with their child’s paediatrician to discuss their concerns. Some insurance providers will require a physician referral. Please contact your insurance provider to confirm if this is required with your plan.

WHAT CAN I DO?

Give us a call to book an appointment with our skilled Clinical Psychologist.  A Clinical Psychologist will be able to identify any concerns through formal assessments and help organise therapy sessions to suit your child’s needs.

THERAPY TECHNIQUES

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

CogMed – Working Memory Training for Attention Deficit

NeuroLinguistic Programming

Penn Resilience Program – Resilience Training

Parental Coaching – guided by Positive Psychology

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REGARDING TECHNIQUES/APPROACHES

CogMed- Working Memory training for ADHD

What is working memory?

It’s the ability to hold onto information long enough to accomplish a specific goal. You hold a phone number in your mind as you dial it, or you hold a task in mind—organizing your room, say—as you work on it. We use working memory throughout the course of a day.

How does improving his working memory help a child become more focused? 

When you improve working memory, you improve fluid IQ—the ability to solve problems or adapt to situations as they occur. Most kids who complete memory training become more alert to their surroundings. They are also more aware of social cues. Parents often report that their kids become more “mature.” They take charge of their chores without being nagged. They remember to bring books and materials to and from school.

How does Cogmed working-memory training work?

A child logs on to the working-memory program, which is downloaded on his home computer. He completes eight exercises, each consisting of 15 trials. The exercises are in a video game format—with colorful graphics and crisp sound.In one exercise, he shoots down floating asteroids; in another, he recalls numbers in the reverse order in which they are given; in another, he remembers the sequence in which rows of lights turn on. The child uses his computer mouse to punch in the answers—and earns points along the way. The program stays a step ahead of the child’s ability, making exercises increasingly harder. A coaching meeting (or call) is scheduled once a week to talk with the parents and child, troubleshoot, and encourage the child.

How long is the training?

The training runs five weeks, five days a week, approximately 30 mins a day (depending on age).

Is working-memory training a substitute for medication?

The program does not claim to replace medication. While many kids get good results on meds, drugs don’t usually manage all symptoms. Improving working memory can address those problems.

Resilience Training

  • Reduces Anxiety – aiding concentration and ability to learn
  •  Develops effective Social Skills
  •  Builds self-efficacy and self-esteem
  •  Develops problem solving, decision making and negotiation  skills
  •  Increases emotional awareness
  •  Reduces anger
  • Teaches you how to bounce back from difficulties

Overview:

  • The Penn Resiliency Program (PRP) is designed by the founding father of Positive Psychology Dr. Seligman and his research team.
  • It is a group intervention for 7 to 16 year olds.
  • The programme teaches cognitive-behavioural and social problem-solving skills and is based in part on cognitive-behavioural theories of depression.
  • Central to the PRP is the notion that our beliefs about events mediate their impact on our emotions and behaviour. Through this model, students learn to detect inaccurate thoughts, to evaluate the accuracy of those thoughts, and to challenge negative beliefs by considering alternative interpretations.
  • PRP also teaches a variety of strategies that can be used for solving problems and coping with difficult situations and emotions. Students learn techniques for assertiveness, negotiation, decision-making, social problem-solving, and relaxation.
  • The skills taught in the program can be applied to many contexts of life, including relationships with peers and family members as well as achievement in academics or other activities.*

Structure of the programme:

  • PRP is typically delivered in 12 sessions and ranges from 45 to 60 minutes depending on age group.
  • Children are divided by age into three groups: 7-9, 10-13, 14-17 years old.
  • Within each lesson, resilience concepts and skills are presented and practiced in a variety of ways.
  • Skills are introduced through skits, role plays, short stories, or cartoons that illustrate the core concepts.
  • Once the child has a firm understanding of these concepts, students discuss situations in which they used, or could have used, the concepts they have just learned.
  • They are then encouraged to use the new skills in their daily life as part of their weekly homework.

​​Evidence of Effectiveness:  

  • PRP is backed up now by 15 years of research. It has been evaluated in at least 13 controlled studies with more than 2,000 children and adolescents.
  • Taken together, the existing studies suggest that PRP prevents symptoms of depression and anxiety and increase social skills and academic achievement.
  • PRP’s effects also appear to be long-lasting. In studies that include long-term follow-ups, PRP’s effects sometimes endure for two years or more. In several studies, PRP has prevented elevated or clinically relevant levels of depression and anxiety symptoms.

For more information on our services please contact info@kidsability.ky