Occupational Therapists help children in the areas of play, school and self-care (such as dressing, feeding and toileting). In order for a child to take part in these situations they require concentration, motor planning, perceptual skills and coordination.
During treatment sessions KidsAbility’s Occupational Therapists help enable the child to engage in functional and meaningful activities.
HOW WE CAN HELP
Our Occupational Therapists can help your child work through difficulties with:
- Attention and concentration.
- Completing daily activities such as feeding, toileting, dressing, shoe tying or bike riding.
- Fine motor control and coordination, grasp and handwriting.
- Gross Motor including muscle control & coordination in physical activities such as climbing, running, walking or throwing.
- Processing sensory information such as touch, smell, taste, movement or sight. Children with challenges in this area can be either over-responsive or under-responsive to sensation and may be seen as being overactive and risk-taking through to very quiet and withdrawn.
- Visual perceptual for example, having difficulty processing visual information and matching this to something meaningful. Visual perception is very important for learning to read, copy, have good hand-eye coordination or complete any number of activities.
- Executive Function Skills, for example remembering things, planning, problem-solving or organisation.
- Emotional, sensory or behavioural regulation, for example remaining calm and in control in stressful situations.
- Eating or drinking such as fussy eaters, limited food choices, fear of foods
DOES MY CHILD NEED ASSISTANCE?
There are a number of key signs that indicate your child may benefit from therapy. These include:
- Difficulty concentrating or following directions
- Fidgeting or excessive movement
- Becoming easily overwhelmed in situations
- Challenging behaviours
- Difficulty with sitting at a desk or table
- Slumped posture
- Messy or poorly constructed handwriting
- Dislike of messy or dirty play (eg. Playing in mud, food play)
- Withdrawing from social situations, difficulty making friends
- Reduced confidence, anxiety or avoidance of activities
- Difficulty with dressing, toileting or other daily tasks
DO I NEED A REFERRAL?
KidsAbility highly recommends all parents meet with their child’s paediatrician to discuss their concerns. Some insurance providers will require a physician referral. Please contact your insurance provider to confirm if this is required with your plan.
WHAT CAN I DO?
Give us a call to book an appointment with one of our skilled Occupational Therapists. Occupational Therapists are the best people to assess your child’s motor skills and sensory needs. They will be able to identify any concerns and help organise therapy sessions to suit your child’s needs.
Our Occupational Therapists use a wide range therapeutic techniques/approaches to help children reach their goals; for instance neuro-developmental, compensatory, CO-OP and Sensory Integration Therapy.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REGARDING TECHNIQUES/APPROACHES
Neuro-Developmental Treatment (NDT)
NDT is a holistic and interdisciplinary clinical practice model informed by current and evolving research that emphasizes individualized therapeutic handling based on movement analysis for habilitation and rehabilitation of individuals with neurological pathophysiology. The therapist uses the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) model in a problem solving approach to assess activity and participation, thereby to identify and prioritize relevant integrities and impairments as a basis for establishing achievable outcomes with clients and caregivers. An in-depth knowledge of the human movement system, including the understanding of typical and atypical development, and expertise in analyzing postural control, movement, activity, and participation throughout the lifespan, form the basis for examination, evaluation, and intervention. Therapeutic handling, used during evaluation and intervention, consists of a dynamic reciprocal interaction between the client and therapist for activating optimal sensorimotor processing, task performance, and skill acquisition to enable participation in meaningful activities.
*NDTA Definition Citations:
AMA format Instructors Group of NDTA, The NDT/Bobath (Neuro-Developmental Treatment/Bobath) Definition. NDTA website.http://www.ndta.org/whatisndt.php, ©NDTA May 27, 2016.
APA format Instructors Group of NDTA. (2016, May 27). The NDT/Bobath (Neuro-Developmental Treatment/Bobath) Definition. Retrieved from http://www.ndta.org/whatisndt.php
Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP)
Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP; the CO-OP Approach) is a performance-based treatment approach for children and adults who experience difficulties performing the skills they want to, need to or are expected to perform. CO-OP is a specifically tailored, active client-centered approach that engages the individual at the meta-cognitive level to solve performance problems. Focused on enabling success, the CO-OP Approach employs collaborative goal setting, dynamic performance analysis, cognitive strategy use, guided discovery, and enabling principles. These elements, all considered essential to the Approach, are situated within a structured intervention format, and with parent/significant other involvement as appropriate.
Internationally acclaimed by therapists and researchers, CO-OP is a therapy that guides individuals to independently discover and develop cognitive strategies to perform the necessary tasks of everyday living such as dressing, grooming, writing, bicycling, swimming, typing, and other daily living skills.
Research with this new approach has shown that people with a variety of diagnoses who experience difficulty learning, or re-learning, motor-based skills can experience success.
Sensory Integration Therapy
Sensory Integration Therapy is an individualised plan of sensory and motor skill exercises to help your child move more safely and calmly in their environment, and navigate potentially overwhelming situations. The program can include sensory diets (a home therapy program that helps your child remain calm and alert throughout the day) and Wilbarger Brushing Protocol (a therapy program to help kids who are easily overwhelmed by touch).
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